Subrogation is a term that's understood among insurance and legal professionals but often not by the customers they represent. Even if it sounds complicated, it is to your advantage to comprehend an overview of how it works. The more knowledgeable you are, the more likely an insurance lawsuit will work out in your favor.
An insurance policy you have is a promise that, if something bad happens to you, the company on the other end of the policy will make restitutions in one way or another without unreasonable delay. If your vehicle is hit, insurance adjusters (and police, when necessary) decide who was at fault and that party's insurance pays out.
But since figuring out who is financially accountable for services or repairs is sometimes a heavily involved affair – and delay in some cases adds to the damage to the policyholder – insurance firms usually decide to pay up front and figure out the blame afterward. They then need a path to recover the costs if, once the situation is fully assessed, they weren't actually responsible for the payout.
Let's Look at an Example
Your kitchen catches fire and causes $10,000 in home damages. Fortunately, you have property insurance and it pays out your claim in full. However, in its investigation it finds out that an electrician had installed some faulty wiring, and there is reason to believe that a judge would find him liable for the damages. You already have your money, but your insurance agency is out $10,000. What does the agency do next?
How Does Subrogation Work?
This is where subrogation comes in. It is the method that an insurance company uses to claim payment after it has paid for something that should have been paid by some other entity. Some companies have in-house property damage lawyers and personal injury attorneys, or a department dedicated to subrogation; others contract with a law firm. Ordinarily, only you can sue for damages to your person or property. But under subrogation law, your insurer is given some of your rights in exchange for having taken care of the damages. It can go after the money originally due to you, because it has covered the amount already.
Why Does This Matter to Me?
For a start, if your insurance policy stipulated a deductible, it wasn't just your insurer that had to pay. In a $10,000 accident with a $1,000 deductible, you lost some money too – namely, $1,000. If your insurer is timid on any subrogation case it might not win, it might choose to recoup its costs by ballooning your premiums. On the other hand, if it has a proficient legal team and goes after them enthusiastically, it is doing you a favor as well as itself. If all of the money is recovered, you will get your full thousand-dollar deductible back. If it recovers half (for instance, in a case where you are found one-half to blame), you'll typically get $500 back, based on the laws in most states.
In addition, if the total cost of an accident is over your maximum coverage amount, you could be in for a stiff bill. If your insurance company or its property damage lawyers, such as workers compensation attorney Reisterstown MD, pursue subrogation and wins, it will recover your costs in addition to its own.
All insurers are not the same. When shopping around, it's worth researching the reputations of competing agencies to evaluate if they pursue winnable subrogation claims; if they resolve those claims without delay; if they keep their policyholders apprised as the case continues; and if they then process successfully won reimbursements right away so that you can get your funding back and move on with your life. If, instead, an insurance firm has a record of paying out claims that aren't its responsibility and then protecting its profit margin by raising your premiums, you'll feel the sting later.